Hyper Text Markup Language

Hyper Text Markup Language

Hyper Text Markup Language History


2 min read

HTML is the standard markup language for creating Web pages.

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What is HTML?

  • HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language

  • HTML is the standard markup language for creating Web pages

  • HTML describes the structure of a Web page

  • HTML consists of a series of elements

  • HTML elements tell the browser how to display the content

  • HTML elements label pieces of content such as "this is a heading", "this is a paragraph", "this is a link", etc.

Example Explained

  • The <!DOCTYPE html> declaration defines that this document is an HTML5 document

  • The <html> element is the root element of an HTML page

  • The <head> element contains meta information about the HTML page

  • The <title> element specifies a title for the HTML page (which is shown in the browser's title bar or in the page's tab)

  • The <body> element defines the document's body, and is a container for all the visible contents, such as headings, paragraphs, images, hyperlinks, tables, lists, etc.

  • The <h1> element defines a large heading

  • The <p> element defines a paragraph

Why is HTML Used in Web Pages?

HTML History

Since the early days of the World Wide Web, there have been many versions of HTML:

1989Tim Berners-Lee invented www
1991Tim Berners-Lee invented HTML
1993Dave Raggett drafted HTML+
1995HTML Working Group defined HTML 2.0
1997W3C Recommendation: HTML 3.2
1999W3C Recommendation: HTML 4.01
2000W3C Recommendation: XHTML 1.0
2008WHATWG HTML5 First Public Draft
2016W3C Candidate Recommendation: HTML 5.1

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Structure of HTML File

<!DOCTYPE html>



HTML Basics: Beginner Guide

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